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Wadham College was founded in 1610 by Nicholas and Dorothy Wadham. Nicholas Wadham, a member of an ancient Somerset family, died in 1609 leaving his fortune to endow a college at Oxford. The hard work of translating intentions into reality fell on his widow, Dorothy, a formidable woman of 75. She fought all the claims of Nicholas's relations, lobbied at court, negotiated the purchase of a site and drew up the college statutes. She appointed the first Warden, Fellows and Scholars, as well as the college cook, to such effect that the college was ready for opening within four years of Nicholas's death. She added considerably to the endowment from her own resources, and kept tight control of its affairs until her death in 1618, although she never actually visited Oxford to see the results of her efforts.

During the wardenship of John Wilkins, 1648-59, Wadham became a focus of scientific interest within Europe. The College became the regular meeting place for the nucleus of experimenters who, after 1660, became the Royal Society.  Wadham College did not allow the admission of women as full members until 1974.  Famous alumni include Sir Christopher Wren, Sir Thomas Beecham, Michael Foot, Melvyn Bragg and Rosamund Pike.  Visitors are welcome in parts of the college.  Highlights include the gardens, chapel and hall.


Location/Address: Parks Road
County: Oxfordshire
Post Code: OX1 3PN
Main Historic Period: Stuart
Useful Website Address: Wadham College website
Tip/Nearby: Central Oxford, colleges and museums
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