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Britain, places to visit, attractions, heritageThis is the place to search for places and things of interest to visit in Britain, by name, location, type, keyword – or just have a browse.  It is a growing directory – 700+ entries as of October 2019.  Most entries have links for further information.

South East

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BLETCHLEY PARK

Bletchley Park was the home of the top-secret code breakers of World War Two, whose work had a profound impact on the war; it has been claimed that their success in intercepting enemy signals and breaking codes shortened the war by two years. For years, very few people knew about their work, most famously centred on German Enigma cipher machines, but information started to become more available in the 1970s. Bletchley Park was in a poor state when taken over by Milton Keynes Borough Council in 1992. A trust was set up to conserve the site and turn it into a museum and it opened its doors to the public in 1993. A massive restoration project took place and BP is now a major tourist attraction.

Bletchley Park also includes the National Museum of Computing and has featured in several films and TV productions.

Region:
Location/Address: The Mansion
Sherwood Drive
Bletchley
Milton Keynes
County: Buckinghamshire
Post Code: MK3 6EB
Main Historic Period: Modern
Useful Website Address: Bletchley Park's website
Tip/Nearby: Woburn Safari Park, Military Intelligence Museum
Primary Management: Other
The Ridgeway near Wayland's Smithy

The Ridgeway is thought to be Britain’s oldest road, in use for at least 5,000 years. It is one of the trackways that used to run along the dry higher ground in ancient times. The Ridgway, in its modern trail form, covers 87 miles from Avebury, Wiltshire, to Ivinghoe Beacon in Buckinghamshire. There are various prehistoric remains along its route. In its original form, it stretched from the Dorset coast to the Wash.

Region:
Location/Address: Avebury, Wiltshire to Ivinghoe, Buckinghamshire
County: Various
Post Code: None
Main Historic Period: Prehistory
Link to featured article: Uffington's White Horse - etc
Useful Website Address: National Trail information
Primary Management: Other
ASHMOLEAN MUSEUM

Oxford University's museum of art and archaeology, with objects dating from 8,000 BC. Particular collections include ancient Egypt, the only Minoan collection in Britain, Anglo Saxon artefacts (including the Alfred Jewel) and contemporary artwork from around the world. The Ashmolean is the oldest public museum in Britain, founded in 1683.

Region:
Location/Address: Beaumont Street
Oxford
County: Oxfordshire
Post Code: OX1 2PH
Main Historic Period: All
Useful Website Address: Ashmolean Museum's website
Tip/Nearby: All the sites in Oxford
Primary Management: Educational establisment
Radcliffe Camera, Oxford

Oxford, the city of dreaming spires, has more than 1500 listed buildings from every period of history since the 11th century.  It grew as a river crossing  - a ford for oxen - in Saxon times at a strategic position beside two rivers, the Thames (known locally as ‘the Isis’) and the Cherwell.  The crossroads of the old town is known as the Carfax, a word derived from the Latin for ‘four forks’.  Though known as the home of Britain’s oldest university, dating from the 13th century, there was also considerable industrial development in the 20th century. The university consists of some 38 colleges and the first one, University College, was founded in 1249.  Many of the colleges can be visited and have beautiful gardens as well as stunning chapels and halls.  The colleges have educated world leaders as well as authors, scientists, actors and comedians.  Balliol College has produced several prime ministers, including Herbert Asquith, Harold Macmillan, Edward Heath and Boris Johnson.

Oxford is an easy city to wander in and there’s an architectural gem around most corners.  Get a map and work out a route. Each college has something special, but favourites include Balliol, Christ Church, Magdalen, Merton and Exeter.  Take a tour of the Bodleian Library, one of the oldest libraries in Europe, and in Britain is second in size only to the British Library. Don’t miss sites like the Sheldonian Theatre or the Bridge of Sighs.  World class museums include the Pitt-Rivers and the Ashmolean – the world’s oldest public museum.  Visit the Oxford Botanic Garden – the UK’s oldest botanic garden.  Take a trip on a punt and pop into  one of Oxford’s historic pubs. Oxford is also famous for its literary connections and places that have been featured in film or on TV.

Region:
Location/Address: Oxford
County: Oxfordshire
Post Code: OX1 3AS
Main Historic Period: All
Useful Website Address: Oxfordshire tourist website
Tip/Nearby: Attractions not far from Oxford include Woodstock and Blenheim Palace, Burford, Wantage (birthplace of King Alfred the Great), the Berkshire Downs to the east and the Cotswolds to the west.
Primary Management: Local Authority
BALLIOL COLLEGE

Balliol is one of the colleges of Oxford University. It was founded by John de Balliol in 1263, has occupied the same site ever since and claims to be the oldest college in Oxford, and the world. Its attractive buildings are predominantly Victorian, however. Balliol's widow Dervorguilla of Galloway, established a permanent endowment and their son, John, was King of Scotland. Balliol has an impressive list of alumni, which includes writers, politicians and scientists. A few random examples: Boris Johnson, Robert Peston, Herbert Asquith, Harold Macmillan, Edward Heath, Aldous Huxley, Graham Greene and William Beveridge.

Visitors can tour the grounds and some of the buildings, except when college events take place.

Region:
Location/Address: Broad Street
Oxford
County: Oxfordshire
Post Code: OX1 3BJ
Main Historic Period: Victorian
Link to featured article: Balliol College
Useful Website Address: Balliol College's website
Tip/Nearby: Oxford city centre
Primary Management: Educational establisment
LAMB and FLAG, Oxford

A tavern since 1695, the Lamb & Flag is owned by St John's College and was voted Oxford's best pub by CAMRA members in 2016. It has some association with JRR Tolkien and CS Lewis and was apparently where Thomas Hardy wrote most of his last novel, Jude the Obscure.

Region:
Location/Address: 12 St Giles
Oxford
County: Oxfordshire
Post Code: OX1 3JS
Main Historic Period: Stuart
Link to featured article: Aslan and Gandalf go for a pint
Tip/Nearby: Eagle and Child is opposite
Primary Management: Educational establisment
EAGLE and CHILD, Oxford

Popular 17th century pub known for its associations with regulars , the writers RR Tolkien and CS Lewis. The pub is also known as 'the bird and baby'. It is owned by St John's College, but leased out.

Region:
Location/Address: 49 St Giles
Oxford
County: Oxfordshire
Post Code: OX1 3LU
Main Historic Period: Modern
Link to featured article: Aslan and Gandalf go for a pint
Useful Website Address: Entry on CAMRA's website
Tip/Nearby: Oxford City Centre and colleges. Lamb & Flag is opposite.
Primary Management: Private - open to the public
St MARY the VIRGIN, Ewelme

Exceptionally interesting and beautiful 15th century church built on an ancient site in an unusual, and historic, village. The church is best known for the elaborate tomb of Alice de la Pole, Duchess of Suffolk and granddaughter of the poet, Geoffrey Chaucer. Her father, Thomas, is also buried in the church. The author Jerome K Jerome is buried in the churchyard.

Region:
Location/Address: Parson's Lane
Ewelme
County: Oxfordshire
Post Code: OX10 6HS
Main Historic Period: Medieval
Link to featured article: Visiting Alice de la Pole and St Mary's, Ewelme
Useful Website Address: Friends of Ewelme Church website
Tip/Nearby: Wallingford Castle, Oxford
Primary Management: Church authorities
St MARY’S, Swinbrook

12th century parish church most famous for its Fettiplace memorials, two ornate carved 17th century monuments each featuring three recumbent effigies of members of the local Fettiplace family. The churchyard also contains the graves of four of the Mitford sisters, Nancy, Unity, Diana and Pamela and their parents. A further notable memorial is to HMS P514. The church also contains 15th century misericords and is in a charming location.

Region:
Location/Address: Pebble Court
Swinbrook
County: Oxfordshire
Post Code: OX18 4DY
Main Historic Period: Medieval
Link to featured article: Mitfords, Fettiplaces and P514
Primary Management: Church authorities
BLENHEIM PALACE

Enormous 18th century home of the Dukes of Marlborough.  The estate was given to the 1st Duke, John Churchill, as a reward for his military victories against the French.  Winston Churchill was born at Blenheim and has many associations with it.  The estate is a World Heritage Site and one of the 'treasure houses of England."

Region:
Location/Address: Woodstock
County: Oxfordshire
Post Code: OX20 1PP
Main Historic Period: Georgian
Useful Website Address: Blenheim Palace website
Tip/Nearby: Bladon Church
Primary Management: Private - open to the public
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