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Britain, places to visit, attractions, heritageThis is the place to search for places and things of interest to visit in Britain, by name, location, type, keyword – or just have a browse.  It is a growing directory – 700+ entries as of October 2019.  Most entries have links for further information.

Scotland

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ADAM SMITH, statue

Bronze sculpture, by Alexander Stoddart, of the Scottish economist and philosopher Adam Smith (1723-1790), who is probably best known as the author of 'Wealth of Nations'. The statue was unveiled in 2008.

The post code is for St Giles' Cathedral.

Region:
Location/Address: Outside St Giles' Cathedral
The Royal Mile
Edinburgh
County: Lothian
Post Code: EH1 1RE
Main Historic Period: Modern
Tip/Nearby: St Giles' Cathedral
Primary Management: Local Authority
Alloway Auld Kirk

The ruined old church at Alloway dates from the 16th century, though the site could be much older. It is most famous now due to it being featured in Robert Burns' poem 'Tam o' Shanter' (1791), as the place where witches and warlocks gather. The churchyard is fascinating and includes the graves of Burns' father, William Burnes, and sister, Isabella Burns Begg. Combine with a visit to the Robert Burns' Museum, his birthplace, Burns Monument and Brig o' Doon.

Region:
Location/Address: 40 Alloway
County: Ayrshire
Post Code: KA7 4PQ
Main Historic Period: Tudor
Useful Website Address: Burns Museum website (NTS)
Tip/Nearby: The Robert Burns' Museum, the cottage where he was born, the Burns Monument and Brig o' Doon are all within walking distance.
Primary Management: National Trust for Scotland
Atlantic Bridge

Clachan Bridge, popularly known as Atlantic Bridge, or the Bridge over the Atlantic, was built in 1792 and joins the Island of Seil with the mainland on the B844, about 10 miles south of Oban. Nearby is the Tigh an Truish Inn - the house of trousers. Seil is the most northerly of the slate isles.

Region:
Location/Address: Clachan
Seil
County: Argyll
Post Code: PA34 4TJ
Main Historic Period: Georgian
Link to featured article: Atlantic Bridge
Useful Website Address: Tigh an Truish Inn website
Tip/Nearby: Slate Islands and Heritage Centre. Oban 10 miles to the north.
Primary Management: Historic Scotland
BALMORAL CASTLE

Balmoral is a 50,000 acre estate and the private Scottish home of the British Royal Family. It was purchased by Prince Albert for Queen Victoria in 1852, close to the Highlands they both loved. The current castle is new - Victoria and Albert had it constructed between 1853 and 1856; the old castle was then demolished. There is limited public access to the grounds, gardens and exhibitions (including access to the castle ballroom only) between spring and early summer, when the Royal Family is not in residence. Apart from the ballroom, the castle is not open to the public. Cottages in the grounds can also be hired.

Region:
Location/Address: Crathie
Nr Ballater
County: Aberdeenshire
Post Code: AB35 5TB
Main Historic Period: Victorian
Useful Website Address: Balmoral Castle's website
Primary Management: Private - open to the public
BATTLE of BANNOCKBURN

The Battle of Bannockburn took place over the 23rd and 24th June 1314 between the Scots, under Robert the Bruce, and a significantly larger army under Edward II of England. The English were under siege by the Scots at Stirling Castle and Edward's army was intended to relieve the siege. Instead, Bruce inflicted a massive defeat. This ultimately led to the Declaration of Arbroath in 1320.

Much of the probable site of the battle is now built over. However, the National Trust for Scotland operates a visitor centre that offers a hi-tech battle experience (ticket only), a shop and a cafe. There is memorial to the battle on the site as well as a statue of Robert the Bruce. Note - there is no museum or exhibition.

Region:
Location/Address: Glasgow Road
Whins of Milton
Stirling
County: Stirlingshire
Post Code: FK7 0LJ
Main Historic Period: Medieval
Useful Website Address: NTS' Battle of Bannockburn website
Tip/Nearby: Stirling Castle, Wallace Monument
Primary Management: National Trust for Scotland
BATTLE of ROSLIN

Memorial to the Battle of Roslin, erected in 1994. The battle was fought on 24th February 1303 between the Scots and English during the Wars of Scottish Independence. It was a Scottish victory, but it does not figure in many history books and few people have even heard of it. Some accounts of the battle suggest that a divided force of 30,000 English troops was picked off in 3 separate engagements by a rapidly assembled Scottish army of 8,000 fighting on terrain they knew. However, evidence is lacking and the above story may be a myth; the battle could have been a skirmish, or series of skirmishes.

Region:
Location/Address: Nr Dryden Cottages
Roslin
County: Midlothian
Post Code: EH25 9PP
Main Historic Period: Medieval
Link to featured article: Stay at Rosslyn Castle
Tip/Nearby: Rosslyn Chapel and Castle
Primary Management: Unknown
BATTLE of STIRLING BRIDGE

The battle was fought on 11 September 1297.  Following Scots support for the French, Edward I of England invaded Scotland, deposed the King, John Balliol and left an army of occupation. Sir William Wallace and Sir Andrew Moray led a rebellion and met an English army outside Stirling. The English advanced over a narrow bridge over the River Forth. The Scots fell upon the English from the high ground on Abbey Craig, cutting the invading army in two. The English commander, the Earl of Surrey, could not reinforce because of the narrowness of the bridge. The portion of his forces that had crossed the bridge were cut down, though some of managed to escape by swimming back across the river. The Scottish victory destroyed the myth of English invincibility.  Legend has it that the hated English treasurer, Hugh de Cressingham, was flayed after the battle and that Wallace made a belt from the skin.

The actual bridge of the battle was destroyed at the time. The current 'old' bridge was built downstream of it in the 16th century and is still in use by pedestrians. There is a plaque on the east end of the bridge, with a small portion of meadow adjacent, but it is thought that most of the fighting took place on ground that is now built over. It's a nice bridge, though. Post code is very approximate.

Region:
Location/Address: Bridgehaugh Road
Stirling
County: Stirlingshire
Post Code: FK9 5AL
Main Historic Period: Medieval
Tip/Nearby: Stirling Castle, Wallace Monument
Blackfriars Chapel, St Andrews

The tiny ruins of Blackfriars' Chapel are the only visible remains of a Dominican Friary that was established in St Andrews c1464. The friars wore black robes - hence the name. The chapel was built in 1525 as an extension to the church, but was destroyed during the Scottish Reformation, presumably when, or shortly after, the friars were 'violently expelled' in 1559. So, there's very little to see but it's worth having a look when you're in town.

Region:
Location/Address: South Street
St Andrews
County: Fife
Post Code: KY16 9EH
Main Historic Period: Tudor
Tip/Nearby: West Port, St Andrews Cathedral, St Andrews Castle
Primary Management: Historic Scotland
BOTHWELL CASTLE

The imposing red sandstone ruins of Bothwell Castle guard a strategic crossing point over the River Clyde. One feature is the castle's unusual round keep, or donjon. You can also explore the prison cells, great hall and chapel. Construction was started on the castle in the late 13th century, but was incomplete when captured by the English, recaptured, captured again... It then changed hands several more times and had a chequered history, being intentionally ruined at least twice so that it could no longer be used.

The castle sometimes has to be closed at short notice due to bad weather. Check with Historic Scotland before making a special trip.

Region:
Location/Address: Castle Avenue
Uddingston
County: Lanarkshire
Post Code: G71 8BL
Main Historic Period: Medieval
Tip/Nearby: Glasgow attractions
Primary Management: Historic Scotland
Brig o' Doon

Beautiful old cobbled bridge over the Doon, built in the 15th century. It features in the 1791 poem, 'Tam o' Shanter', when Tam gallops across the bridge on his horse, Meg, pursued by witches and warlocks. He escapes - but they grab Meg's tail! Combine with a visit to the Robert Burns' Monument, Museum, Alloway Old Kirk and his birthplace.

Region:
Location/Address: Alloway
County: Ayrshire
Post Code: KA7 4PQ
Main Historic Period: Medieval
Useful Website Address: Burns Museum website (NTS)
Tip/Nearby: Robert Burns' Monument, Museum, Alloway Old Kirk and the cottage he was born in are all within walking distance.
Primary Management: National Trust for Scotland
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