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Britain, places to visit, attractions, heritageThis is the place to search for places and things of interest to visit in Britain, by name, location, type, keyword – or just have a browse.  It is a growing directory – over 750 entries as of February 2020.  Most entries have links for further information.

Memorials

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BATTLE of STAMFORD BRIDGE

A significant battle fought here on 25th September 1066, between King Harold's Saxon-English army and an invading force of Norsemen under Harald Hardrada and Tostig Godwinson. The English victory was emphatic, but Harold then had to march south to meet the invading Normans at Hastings. There is not much to see in the village, thought there is a memorial in the centre.

Location/Address: Stamford Bridge
County: North Yorkshire
Post Code: YO41 1QE
Main Historic Period: Viking
Link to featured article: Stamford Bridge - the other battle in 1066
Primary Management: Local Authority
CAEDMON’S CROSS

A memorial erected in 1898 to England's first known poet, the Anglo-Saxon Caedmon. He has a nice story. The memorial is in the churchyard of St Mary's church, at the top of the steps leading up from the town.

The photo is of Whitby Harbour. See the featured article for more details.

Location/Address: Abbey Plain
East Cliff
Whitby
County: North Yorkshire
Post Code: YO22 4JT
Main Historic Period: Saxon
Link to featured article: Give us a song, Caedmon
Tip/Nearby: Whitby Abbey, St Mary's Church
Primary Management: Church authorities
Anne Bronte's burial place

Anne Bronte is the only one of the famous siblings not to be buried in the family vault at Haworth. She worked as a governess in Scarborough and journeyed the 70 miles from home when she was ill, hoping the sea air would help. She arrived on Saturday 25 May 1849, very ill, accompanied by her sister Charlotte and a friend, Ellen and died on the Monday. Charlotte commissioned the very worn headstone seen today, but returning 3 years afterwards found a number of errors on it. The errors, whatever they were, were seemingly corrected – but the inscription still has Anne’s age wrong. A modern plaque has been placed on the ground by the Bronte Society.

St Mary's Church dates from the 12th century and is interesting in its own right. Canons were based in the churchyard during the Civil War, from which Parliamentary troops exchanged fire with the Royalists in the castle.

Location/Address: 158 Castle Rd
Scarborough
County: North Yorkshire
Post Code: YO11 1HY
Main Historic Period: Victorian
Link to featured article: Our Bronte Tour Begins In Haworth
Useful Website Address: Website of the Bronte Society
Tip/Nearby: Scarborough Castle
Primary Management: Church authorities
KATYN MEMORIAL, Cannock Chase

Memorial in a peaceful woodland clearing to the than 4,500 Polish men murdered by the Soviet Union’s security police in Katyn Forest, near Smolensk, in 1940. The mass graves were uncovered by the Nazis in 1943. The victims, many of them with bound hands and still with their identity papers on them, had been shot in the back of the head. This memorial was unveiled in 1979 and is one of several memorials in the UK and around the world to the massacre at Katyn. It is about half a mile from the Commonwealth War Grave and German cemeteries.

Location/Address: Camp Road
Brocton
County: Staffordshire
Post Code: WS12 4PT
Main Historic Period: Modern
Link to featured article: Katyn
Tip/Nearby: Cannock Chase is a designated area of outstanding natural beauty.
Primary Management: Unknown
CANNOCK CHASE GERMAN MILITARY CEMETERY

Cannock Chase German Military Cemetery contains almost 5,000 German and Austrian graves. Following an agreement between the UK and the Federal Republic of Germany in 1959, the German War Graves Commission (Volksbund Deutsche Kriegsgraberfursorge) made arrangements to transfer the graves of German servicemen and civilians who had died in Britain during World Wars 1 and 2 from scattered burial grounds to a new cemetery established at Cannock Chase.

Follow the signs for Cannock Chase War Cemetery signposted from the A34 when travelling from either Cannock or Stafford. The German cemetery is immediately behind the CWGC one.

Location/Address: Camp Road
Brocton
County: Staffordshire
Post Code: WS12
Main Historic Period: Modern
Link to featured article: Deutsche Soldatenfriedhof, Cannock Chase
Primary Management: Other
CANNOCK CHASE WAR CEMETERY

During the First World War, there was a large military camp at Cannock Chase which became the base for the New Zealand Rifle Brigade. There was also a prisoner-of-war hospital with 1,000 beds, and both camp and hospital used the burial ground. Cannock Chase War Cemetery contains 97 Commonwealth burials of the First World War, most of them New Zealanders, and 286 German burials. There are also three burials of the Second World War.

Cannock Chase War Cemetery is signposted from the A34 when travelling from either Cannock or Stafford.

Location/Address: Camp Road
Brockton
County: Staffordshire
Post Code: WS12
Main Historic Period: Modern
Link to featured article: Cannock Chase War Cemetery
Primary Management: Commonwealth War Graves Commission
Temple Bar

The original Temple Bar marked the boundary between the old City of London and the royal area of Westminster. A gate was built there, but this was removed in the 19th century for road widening. The spot is now marked by a Victorian memorial in the middle of the Strand/Fleet Street, close to the Royal Courts of Justice. Temple Bar Gate, after a period of decorating a country house in Hertfordshire, is now in the south-east corner of Paternoster Square, next to St Paul's Cathedral (EC4). The featured article will give you the full story, more or less.

Post code is approximate for the memorial at Temple Bar.

Region:
Location/Address: Strand/Fleet Street
County: London
Post Code: WC2R 1DA
Main Historic Period: Stuart
Link to featured article: London's Temple Bar
Tip/Nearby: Strand/Fleet Street is on an old ceremonial route between the City and Westminsiter, with Trafalgar Square in the west and Ludgate Hill in the east, leading to St Paul's Cathedral.
Primary Management: Local Authority
Trafalgar Square

Laid out in 1830-41 on the site of the earlier royal stables, Trafalgar Square in central London commemorates Admiral Nelson's naval victory in 1805 and has Nelson's Column as its main feature. There are four plinths for statues in the square: General Sir Charles James Napier, Major General Sir Henry Havelock and King George IV. The fourth plinth, empty for many years, now features contemporary works of art. There is an equestrian statue of Charles I to the south of the square, traditionally the original location for Charing Cross and the site of execution of the regicides after the restoration. Trafalgar Square, London's largest square, is surrounded by attractions - like the National Gallery - and has long been a location for meetings, protests and revels. Legend has it there is buried treasure beneath its paving stones...

Region:
County: London
Post Code: WC2N 5DN
Main Historic Period: Victorian
Link to featured article: Exploring Trafalgar Square
Tip/Nearby: Whitehall, Westminster, National Gallery, Covent Garden...
Primary Management: Local Authority
EDITH CAVELL MEMORIAL

Memorial to Nurse Edith Cavell designed by Sir George Frampton (who waived his fee) in 1915, unveiled by Queen Alexandra in 1920. Edith Cavell was born in Norwich in 1865. She was matron of a hospital in Brussels when the Germans invaded in 1914. Though the invaders offered her and other British nurses safe conduct to neutral Holland, she stayed on, eventually helping some 200 British, French and Belgian soldiers escape to Holland. She was arrested in August 1915 and shot by firing squad on 12th October. She said to her American chaplain, "I realise that patriotism is not enough. I must have no hatred or bitterness towards anyone." The British may well have exploited the propaganda value of Edith Cavell's murder, particularly in the at that time neutral USA.

The post code is for nearby St Martin-in-the-Field church. There is another memorial to Edith Cavell in Norwich.

Region:
Location/Address: St Martin's Place
County: London
Post Code: WC2N 4JH
Main Historic Period: Modern
Tip/Nearby: North-east corner of Trafalgar Square. Next to the National Gallery and National Portrait Gallery, opposite St Martin-in-the-Field church.
Primary Management: Local Authority
CHARING CROSS

The original Charing Cross was the last of 12 memorials erected by Edward I, to honour his dead wife, Eleanor of Castile. A memorial was placed at every spot where her funeral cortege rested on its way south from her place of death, near Lincoln. The Charing Cross once stood in what is now Trafalgar Square, was destroyed in 1647 and replaced with an equestrian statue of Charles I in 1675. A Victorian replica was put up outside the nearby railway station in 1865, where it remains. It was restored in 2010.

Region:
Location/Address: Strand
County: London
Post Code: WC2 5HS
Main Historic Period: Victorian
Link to featured article: End of the line for Eleanor
Tip/Nearby: Trafalgar Square
Primary Management: Local Authority
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