Industrial

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BLISTS HILL VICTORIAN TOWN

Blists Hill is an open air museum, recreating a Victorian town on an industrial site that included mines, blast furnaces and a section of the Shropshire Canal. Some of the buildings are original, others have been relocated and some are replicas. It's a 52 acre site.  There's a fascinating range of things to see, from shops, a bank and public house, to industrial premises. Costumed staff keep the whole thing themed and there are various demonstrations and events etc. It's a good day out for all ages.

Blists Hill is one of 10 museums in the area run by the Ironbridge Gorge Museum Trust.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
Legges Way
Madeley
County
Shropshire
Post Code
TF7 5UD
Main Historic Period
Victorian
Link to featured article
Useful Website Address
Tip/Nearby
Ironbridge and various other museums
Primary Management
Independent
CRAVEN and MURGATROYD LIME WORKS

The Craven and Murgatroyd Limeworks, better known locally as the Hoffmann Lime Kiln, is just north of Langcliffe between the Settle-Carlisle railway and Stainforth Scar. It is a disused Victorian industrial complex that includes the remains of two separate but adjacent limeworks - the Murgatroyd and the Craven Lime Company works. The remains of the huge Hoffmann kiln (it had 22 chambers) are astonishing – it’s like being inside a cathedral, but without the religion. The Craven Lime works lasted until 1931, though were used again briefly during WW2 before being abandoned and left to decay. The nearby quarry was used as a refuse tip by the local authority between 1967 and 1990, but the whole site has now been preserved. Plans to open it as a major tourist attraction were shelved; there is now a self-guided walk with information boards, some of which incorporate recorded commentary. In addition to the Hoffmann kiln, there are the remains of other types of kiln, ancillary buildings, an inclined plane, railway tracks etc. Once so busy and noisy, parts of the surviving complex now attract wildlife and it's a peaceful spot.

From the B6479 between Langcliffe and Stainforth, take a minor road east under a low railway arch and follow it to a small car park.

Location/Address
Langcliffe
Settle
County
North Yorkshire
Post Code
BD24 9NU
Main Historic Period
Victorian
Useful Website Address
Tip/Nearby
Settle, Pen-y-Ghent
Primary Management
National Park
DEVIL’S PORRIDGE MUSEUM

The Devil's Porridge Museum tells the story of the greatest munitions factory on earth and the lives of the people who worked there. HM Factory Gretna opened in 1916 in response to the Shells Crisis of 1915 and manufactured RDB Cordite.  Cordite was (or is) a powerful explosive, whose ingredients include a mixture of guncotton and nitro-glycerine, which was said by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle to be the Devil's Porridge.  HM Factory Gretna stretched over 9 miles between England and Scotland and at its height employed 30,000 people, about 70% of them women.  It included two planned towns, Eastriggs and Gretna.  Now, little remains except the towns.  The museum also includes displays relating to Quintinshill Railway Disaster and how the area contributed to the country's defence through World War Two and beyond.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
Stanfield, Annan Road, Eastriggs
County
Dumfries & Galloway
Post Code
DG12 6TF
Main Historic Period
Modern
Link to featured article
Useful Website Address
Tip/Nearby
Caerlaverock Castle, Hadrian's Wall
Primary Management
Independent
FALKIRK WHEEL

The Falkirk Wheel is a unique and massive boat lift connecting the Forth and Clyde Canal with the Union Canal. Completed in 2002 at a cost of £84.5 million, the Falkirk Wheel raises boats 79 feet (24 metres), though there are still a couple of locks to negotiate as well. An engineering masterpiece, there are boat trips, walks, a play park, visitor centre and other activities.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
Lime Road
Tamfourhill
Falkirk
County
Stirlingshire
Post Code
FK1 4RS
Main Historic Period
Modern
Tip/Nearby
The Kelpies (Helix Park), Rough Castle
Primary Management
HM Government
GLENMORANGIE Distillery

They say whisky was distilled at Morangie Farm since at least 1703. Glenmorangie's best selling malts, include The Original and the rich Quinta Ruban, are matured in white oak casks from Missouri and used to mature bourbon for 4 years before being shipped to Scotland. Glenmorangie is famous for its products allegedly being 'Perfected by the Sixteen Men of Tain' and its logo is based on a design from Pictish stone, the Hilton of Cadboll Stone, discovered nearby on the Tarbet Peninsula, Easter Ross. Various tours of the distillery are available and it is always advisable to book.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
Tain
County
Ross-shire
Post Code
IV19 1PZ
Main Historic Period
Modern
Useful Website Address
Tip/Nearby
Dornoch Cathedral
Primary Management
Private - open to the public
IRONBRIDGE

Ironbridge, named for the world's first cast-iron bridge, built in 1779, that spans the River Severn and its beautiful gorge, is a charming, colourful and now relatively peaceful Shropshire town.  You would hardly know that it had been at the heart of the Industrial Revolution, century iron bridge. Part of a World Heritage Site, there are many museums in the town and nearby, as well as walks.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
Ironbridge
County
Shropshire
Post Code
TF8
Main Historic Period
Georgian
Link to featured article
Useful Website Address
Primary Management
Local Authority
IRONBRIDGE GORGE

Ironbridge, named for the world’s first cast-iron bridge, constructed there across the Severn in 1779, has a unique part in the story of the Industrial Revolution and, to many, is a symbol of it. It was here that Abraham Darby I pioneered using coke to smelt iron ore. The area contains examples of many of the components of progress, from mines to factories to housing to transport, that resulted in it being the most technologically advanced place in the world by the end of the 18th century. Today, the town of Ironbridge itself is peaceful and charming, but the reminders of its noisier and dirtier past are all around, including the Iron Bridge itself, Coalbrookdale Museum of Iron, the Museum of the Gorge, Blists Hill Victorian Town, Jackfield Tile Museum, Coalport China Museum, the Broseley Pipeworks, intriguing Tar Tunnel and the houses the Darby family lived in.

The bridge has been painted red since this photo was taken.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
Ironbridge
County
Shropshire
Post Code
TF8 7JP
Main Historic Period
Georgian
Useful Website Address
Tip/Nearby
Several museums and other attractions, all part of the World Heritage Site
Primary Management
Other
JACK and JILL WINDMILLS

Jack and Jill Windmills is the popular name for a pair of 19th century windmills on a hill overlooking the village of Clayton, 7 miles north of Brighton. Surprisingly, they are also known as the Clayton Mills, the names ‘Jack and Jill’ being thought to date from day-trippers in the 1920s.  In fact, there are the remains of three mills on the site.

Jill is a restored 19th century corn windmill, the restoration work being mostly undertaken by volunteers in their spare time.  She is open to the public on limited days and run by the Jack and Jill Windmills Society, though owned by Mid Sussex District Council.

In fact, the first mill on the hill (so to speak) was Duncton Mill, constructed in 1765. This was demolished in 1866, with part of it remaining as a store, to be replaced by Jack. Jack is a tower mill, used to grind corn, and worked until the early part of the 20th century. It is now a private residence.  Allegedly, a skeleton, dating from the Anglo-Saxon period, was found on the site in the 1920s, when the ground was being dug for a water tank.

Jill was originally Lashmar's New Mill, built in 1821 on the outskirts of Brighton.  The land being required for development, in 1852 the mill was dismantled, the parts hauled up the hill and rebuilt on the current location.

Whether Jill is open or not, a visit to Jack and Jill Windmills is rewarding for the views over the Downs alone. The mills themselves are very photogenic too.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
Mill Lane
Clayton
County
West Sussex
Post Code
BN6 9PG
Main Historic Period
Victorian
Useful Website Address
Tip/Nearby
Wolstonbury Hill, Clayton, Pyecombe
Primary Management
Other
Museum of LONDON DOCKLANDS

The Museum of London Docklands (part of the Museum of London) tells the story (surprisingly) of London’s docks, how trade developed, the involvement of slavery, the time when London was the hub of a great empire and the world’s busiest port. You can also walk through 19th century ‘sailortown’.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
No 1 Warehouse
West India Quay
County
London
Post Code
E14 4AL
Main Historic Period
Victorian
Useful Website Address
Tip/Nearby
Canary Wharf
Primary Management
Local Authority
NATIONAL COAL MINING MUSEUM of England

The National Coal Mining Museum of England is located at a former colliery, Caphouse, which was in production for more than two hundred years.  There are several galleries that showcase the technology of mining and working underground, illustrate what mining was like in the 19th century and tell the stories of the miners, their families and their communities.  You can see where miners began and ended their working days – at the Pithead Baths.  You can even meet some pit ponies.  The highlight of a visit, however, is a trip underground, 460 feet (140 metres) beneath the surface equipped with your miners’ hat and lamp.  The tours are led by experienced (and often amusing) ex-miners, who tell you to ‘shut tha’ trap’ and explain when you are ‘done and dusted’.  The underground tour really brings home the harsh realities of the dangerous and unpleasant conditions miners worked in, from the times when women and children worked alongside their men, to the 20th century when the pit closed.

Location/Address
Caphouse Colliery
New Road
Overton
Wakefield
County
West Yorkshire
Post Code
WF4 4RH
Main Historic Period
Modern
Tip/Nearby
Sandal Castle, Yorkshire Sculpture Park
Primary Management
Independent

If your favourite attraction is not listed yet, and you have a good quality digital photograph of it that you are able to freely send, please get in touch

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