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Britain, places to visit, attractions, heritageThis is the place to search for places and things of interest to visit in Britain, by name, location, type, keyword – or just have a browse.  It is a growing directory – 700+ entries as of October 2019.  Most entries have links for further information.

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MILITARY INTELLIGENCE MUSEUM

A small museum telling the history of British military intelligence from the Boer War onwards. There are additional exhibitions dedicated to BRIXMIS, an intelligence gathering mission based in the former DDR during the Cold War, and to the Intelligence Corps' work with SOE, Special Operations Executive, during WW2.

The museum is on a military base. Visitors are welcomed but need to book visits in advance and brink photo ID with them - eg UK passport or driving licence.

Location/Address: Building 200
Chicksands
Shefford
County: Bedfordshire
Post Code: SG17 5PR
Main Historic Period: Modern
Link to featured article: A bit about Special Operations Executive
Useful Website Address: Military Intelligence Museum website
Tip/Nearby: Shuttleworth Collection, Woburn Safari Park
Primary Management: Military
Cambridge

Cambridge developed around an Anglo-Saxon bridge, the Danes used it as a trading post and William the Conqueror built a castle there.  The city’s greatest fame, however, derives from being home to Britain’s second oldest university, established sometime after 1209.  The first of Cambridge’s residential colleges, Peterhouse, was established in 1284 and it is these self-governing institutions that make up the university.  The entre of Cambridge is King’s Parade, where you’ll find King’s College (founded in 1441) with its breathtaking chapel and, close by, other colleges – like St John’s (1511) and Trinity (1544) – which can be visited.  In parallel with King’s Street are the Backs – a stretch of riverside gardens and lawns linking several colleges.  The university boasts more Nobel Prize winners than you can shake a stick at, as well as a multitude of well-known graduates including politicians, writers and entertainers.

Wander along in and out of colleges, , take a punt on the Cam, stop for a coffee, ice-cream, or a pint.  For visitors, Cambridge also offers notable churches (including one of only 5 round churches in England), outstanding botanic gardens, several museums with interests ranging from archaeology, computing, earth sciences and the polar regions – though the most famous is probably the astonishing Fitzwilliam Museum, which includes world-class artwork as well as major collections from antiquity.  Theatres and cinemas offer a variety of entertainment and there is a large general weekday market as well as specialist arts and crafts ones at weekends.  Nearby attractions include Duxford air museum, and the Cambridge American Cemetery just outside the city is a thought-provoking place to visit.

Location/Address: Cambridge
County: Cambridgeshire
Post Code: CB1 1PS
Main Historic Period: All
Useful Website Address: Cambridge tourist website
Tip/Nearby: Nearby towns include Ely, St Neots, Saffron Walden, Huntingdon and Stamford.
Primary Management: Local Authority
Cambridge American Cemetery

The Cambridge American Cemetery commemorates almost 9,000 Americans who died while based in the UK, or travelling here, during the Second World War. It is the only World War II American military cemetery in the United Kingdom. The site was established as a temporary military burial ground in 1943, on land donated by the University of Cambridge, and has been granted free use in perpetuity by HM Government. It was dedicated in 1956, covers 30.5 acres and lies on a gentle slope overlooking farmland. Simple, white marble, headstones – mostly crosses – mark the resting place of 3,811 of America’s war dead - the missing are listed on large panels. There is a fascinating, and moving, visitor centre as well as an impressive memorial building.

Location/Address: Madingley Road
Coton
County: Cambridgeshire
Post Code: CB23 7PH
Main Historic Period: Modern
Link to featured article: The Cambridge American Cemetery
Tip/Nearby: Just outside Cambridge
Primary Management: Other
Fitzwilliam Museum

The Fitzwilliam Museum is the art and antiquities museum of the University of Cambridge. It was founded in 1816 with the legacy of the library and art collection of Richard FitzWilliam, 7th Viscount FitzWilliam. Its collections include antiquities from ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome; medieval and renaissance art; English and European pottery and glass, furniture, clocks, fans, armour; Chinese, Japanese and Korean art; coins and medals; literary and music manuscripts and rare printed books; paintings, including works by Titian, Rubens, Van Dyck, Canaletto, Hogarth, Gainsborough, Constable, Monet, Degas, Renoir, Cézanne and Picasso. The building itself is stunning too!

Location/Address: Trumpington Street
Cambridge
County: Cambridgeshire
Post Code: CB2 1RB
Main Historic Period: All
Useful Website Address: Fittzwilliam Museum website
Tip/Nearby: City Centre location close to other colleges and sights
Primary Management: Educational establisment
Great St Mary's, Cambridge

Great St Mary's (aka 'GSM') is a parish church and the University Church, the first home of the University in 1209. The present building dates from the 15th century. The Protestant reformer, Martin Bucer (1491-1551), preached here, was burnt nearby, and his ashes are interred in the church. Queen Elizabeth I visited the church and Stephen Hawking had his funeral service here. It is famous for its bells, which date from 1515, and its clock, installed in 1793. For a fee, visitors can climb the tower for fabulous views over the city. The picture is the view to the north, showing Gonville and Caius College in the foreground.

Location/Address: The University Church
Senate House Hill
Cambridge
County: Cambridgeshire
Post Code: CB2 3BQ
Main Historic Period: Medieval
Useful Website Address: Great St Mary's website
Tip/Nearby: Cambridge Colleges, including King's
Primary Management: Educational establisment
PETERBOROUGH CATHEDRAL

The Cathedral Church of St Peter, St Paul and St Andrew has its roots in Anglo-Saxon times. The first abbey was established at Peterborough (originally called Medeshamstede) in 655 AD and largely destroyed by Viking raiders in 870. In the mid 10th century a Benedictine Abbey was created from what remained. Some buildings were destroyed in Hereward the Wake's resistance to the Norman Conquest in 1069, but the church survived until an accidental fire swept through it in 1116.  The present building was begun in 1118, consecrated in 1238 and the structure of the building remains essentially as it was on completion. Most significantly the original wooden ceiling survives in the nave, the only one of its type in this country and one of only four wooden ceilings of this period surviving in the whole of Europe, having been completed between 1230 and 1250. There is some fine 16th century fan vaulting at the east end of the church. Peterborough grew to be a wealthy monastic house, with 120 monks just before it was dissolved in 1539. However, the abbey church survived as Peterborough Cathedral. Parliamentary troops caused damage to glass and monuments during the Civil War. Two queens were buried in the Cathedral, Katherine of Aragon and Mary Queen of Scots: however, in 1612, James I/VI had his mother re-buried in Westminster and her grave is now empty.

Location/Address: Minster Precincts
Peterborough
County: Cambridgeshire
Post Code: PE1 1XS
Main Historic Period: Norman
Useful Website Address: Website for Peterborough Cathedral
Tip/Nearby: Stamford, Burleigh House
Primary Management: Church authorities
PONTCYSYLLTE AQUEDUCT

The Pontcysyllte Aqueduct is the longest and highest aqueduct in Britain and a World Heritage Site. It was designed by Thomas Telford and carries the Llangollen Canal over the valley of the river Dee. The Aqueduct is 336 yards long, 42 yards high and 4 yards wide. You can walk across (the advice is not to look down), or take a boat.

Region:
Location/Address: Station Rd
Trevor Basin
Wrexham
County: Clwyd
Post Code: LL20 7TG
Main Historic Period: Georgian
Tip/Nearby: Chirk Castle
Primary Management: Other
DURHAM CATHEDRAL

Durham Cathedral's official name is 'the Cathedral Church of Christ, Blessed Mary the Virgin and St Cuthbert of Durham'.  It is the home of the shrine of St Cuthbert and burial place of the Venerable (aka 'Venomous') Bede.  The cathedral, along with Durham Castle, occupies a rocky promontory high above the river Wear - originally an excellent defensive position, now dramatic and picturesque.  It was founded in 1093 and the outstanding architectural feature (probably) are the massive, soaring, Romanesque/Norman arches in the nave. There's a wonderful simplicity about Durham Cathedral.

The Bishops of Durham - 'the Prince Bishops' used to wield temporal, as well as spiritual, power and effectively ruled the diocese for 850 years.  That did not stop Oliver Cromwell using the Cathedral to hold 3,000 Scots prisoner after the Battle of Dunbar in 1650; many of them died within the Cathedral.

Durham Cathedral, along with the adjacent Castle, is a World Heritage Site.

Location/Address: The Cathedral Office,
The College
Durham
County: Co Durham
Post Code: DH1 3EH
Main Historic Period: Norman
Link to featured article: Durham Cathedral
Useful Website Address: Durham Cathedral's website
Primary Management: Church authorities
EGGLESTONE ABBEY

The evocative ruins of a small Premonstratensian monastery in a picturesque location just above the River Tees. The monks that lived here were often short of money. It is a charming spot now; perhaps it was then too.

There is a small car park.  It is also possible to walk from Barnard Castle.

Location/Address: Bowes Village
County: Co Durham
Post Code: DL12 9TN
Main Historic Period: Medieval
Link to featured article: Egglestone Abbey
Tip/Nearby: Barnard Castle, Bowes Museum
Primary Management: English Heritage
ELEVEN O ONE

9 foot high steel statue by Ray Lonsdale depicting a British soldier immediately after hearing the news of the Armistice at 11 o'clock on 11th November 1918.  Also known as 'Tommy', the nickname for British troops everywhere since the 18th century, the town of Seaham raised the necessary money to keep him.

Location/Address: Terrace Green
Seaham
County: Co Durham
Post Code: SR7 7EZ
Main Historic Period: Modern
Link to featured article: Eleven O One
Primary Management: Local Authority
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