Battlefields

Britain, places to visit, attractions, heritage
Find places to visit in Britain by name, location, type of attraction, or other keyword.

This listings directory of over 950 entries is being phased out.
It now excludes places and things of interest in North East England.
These can be found in ABAB’s Places.
Places to visit in Yorkshire will be moved to ABAB’s Places during May.

Tap/Click ‘find listings’ for a detailed search – or just have a browse. 

BATTLE of BANNOCKBURN

The Battle of Bannockburn took place over the 23rd and 24th June 1314 between the Scots, under Robert the Bruce, and a significantly larger army under Edward II of England. The English were under siege by the Scots at Stirling Castle and Edward's army was intended to relieve the siege. Instead, Bruce inflicted a massive defeat. This ultimately led to the Declaration of Arbroath in 1320.

Much of the probable site of the battle is now built over. However, the National Trust for Scotland operates a visitor centre that offers a hi-tech battle experience (ticket only), a shop and a cafe. There is memorial to the battle on the site as well as a statue of Robert the Bruce. Note - there is no museum or exhibition.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
Glasgow Road
Whins of Milton
Stirling
County
Stirlingshire
Post Code
FK7 0LJ
Main Historic Period
Medieval
Useful Website Address
Tip/Nearby
Stirling Castle, Wallace Monument
Primary Management
National Trust for Scotland
BATTLE of HASTINGS

The Battle of Hastings took place on 14 October 1066.  It is one of the most famous dates, and probably the most famous battle, in British history, when the invading Normans under William the Conqueror beat the English (Saxons) led by King Harold.  The battle actually took place several miles north of Hastings adjacent to and within where the pleasant little town of Battle now is. Though the precise location of the battle has been much debated, wandering through the traditional site is worthwhile - and very pleasant when the weather's fine.

The battlefield of 1066 is managed by English Heritage alongside Battle Abbey, which was built as a penance and memorial afterwards.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
Battle Abbey
High Street
Battle
County
East Sussex
Post Code
TN33 0AE
Main Historic Period
Norman
Link to featured article
Tip/Nearby
Bateman's, Bodiam Castle
Primary Management
English Heritage
BATTLE of LEWES

The Battle of Lewes took place on 14 May 1264, the first major battle of the Second Barons' War. The prelude to this was widespread dissatisfaction with the manner of King Henry III's reign, particularly over issues such as taxation and inheritance. Matters came to a head and a rebel baronial faction led by Simon de Montfort, the Earl of Leicester, took up arms against the king. De Montfort's force of about 5,000 approached Lewes, a royal stronghold with about 10,000 troops, from the downland to the north. The King's son, Prince Edward (later Edward I), rode out from Lewes Castle with heavy cavalry, engaged de Montfort's inexperienced left flank and chased it from the field. De Montfort, meanwhile, charged downhill at Henry's main army in the vicinity of Landport Bottom and won a decisive victory. Most of the fighting took place there, around the Black Horse pub on Western road, now a residential area and on the High Street. The king took refuge in Lewes Priory and was forced to surrender to de Monfort. Edward too was held captive - though later escaped. There is a link to a battlefield walk below. The address is for the Black Horse pub; walk from there up Spital Road, past the prison, and up onto the downs.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
Western Road
Lewes
County
East Sussex
Post Code
BN7 1RS
Main Historic Period
Medieval
Tip/Nearby
Lewes Castle, Lewes Priory
Primary Management
Local Authority
BATTLE of MARSTON MOOR

The Battle of Marston Moor was fought near York on 2nd July 1644 and was one of the major battles of the English Civil War. It engaged an estimated 18,000 Royalists and 28,000 combined Parliamentarians and Scots, lasted approximately 2 hours and resulted in a decisive defeat for King Charles.  Some 4,000 Royalists were killed and a further 1,500 captured.  One of the consequences was that the Royalists lost control of the North of England. This was the battle that helped make Oliver Cromwell's name as one of the commanders. The battlefield is situated on mainly agricultural land between the villages of Long Marston and Tockwith. A road runs across the area of the fighting, as it did in the 17th century and there is an obelisk memorial with an information panel.

Post code is approximate.

Location/Address
Tockwith Road
Between Tockwith and Long Marston
County
North Yorkshire
Post Code
YO26 7PJ
Main Historic Period
Stuart
Tip/Nearby
York
Primary Management
Unknown
BATTLE of ROSLIN

Memorial to the Battle of Roslin, erected in 1994. The battle was fought on 24th February 1303 between the Scots and English during the Wars of Scottish Independence. It was a Scottish victory, but it does not figure in many history books and few people have even heard of it. Some accounts of the battle suggest that a divided force of 30,000 English troops was picked off in 3 separate engagements by a rapidly assembled Scottish army of 8,000 fighting on terrain they knew. However, evidence is lacking and the above story may be a myth; the battle could have been a skirmish, or series of skirmishes.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
Nr Dryden Cottages
Roslin
County
Midlothian
Post Code
EH25 9PP
Main Historic Period
Medieval
Link to featured article
Tip/Nearby
Rosslyn Chapel and Castle
Primary Management
Unknown
BATTLE of STAMFORD BRIDGE

The Battle of Stamford Bridge was one of Britain's significant battles, fought at a crossing over the River Derwent, not far from York, on 25th September 1066.  King Harold's Saxon-English army launched a surprise attack on an invading force of Norsemen under Harald Hardrada and Tostig Godwinson. The English victory was emphatic, but Harold then had to march south to meet the invading Normans at Hastings. The original bridge is long gone and there is not much to see in the modern village, though there is a memorial in the centre.

Location/Address
Stamford Bridge
County
North Yorkshire
Post Code
YO41 1QE
Main Historic Period
Viking
Link to featured article
Primary Management
Local Authority
BATTLE of STIRLING BRIDGE

The battle was fought on 11 September 1297.  Following Scots support for the French, Edward I of England invaded Scotland, deposed the King, John Balliol and left an army of occupation. Sir William Wallace and Sir Andrew Moray led a rebellion and met an English army outside Stirling. The English advanced over a narrow bridge over the River Forth. The Scots fell upon the English from the high ground on Abbey Craig, cutting the invading army in two. The English commander, the Earl of Surrey, could not reinforce because of the narrowness of the bridge. The portion of his forces that had crossed the bridge were cut down, though some of managed to escape by swimming back across the river. The Scottish victory destroyed the myth of English invincibility.  Legend has it that the hated English treasurer, Hugh de Cressingham, was flayed after the battle and that Wallace made a belt from the skin.

The actual bridge of the battle was destroyed at the time. The current 'old' bridge was built downstream of it in the 16th century and is still in use by pedestrians. There is a plaque on the east end of the bridge, with a small portion of meadow adjacent, but it is thought that most of the fighting took place on ground that is now built over. It's a nice bridge, though. Post code is very approximate.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
Bridgehaugh Road
Stirling
County
Stirlingshire
Post Code
FK9 5AL
Main Historic Period
Medieval
Tip/Nearby
Stirling Castle, Wallace Monument
BATTLE of WORCESTER

The Battle of Worcester, the last battle of the inaccurately named English Civil Wars, took place on 3 September 1651 in and around the city.  It was a decisive engagement; Parliament's New Model Army outnumbered and outclassed the Royalist, mainly Scottish, troops and Charles II went into exile.

Much of the battlefield is now covered by later development, though Perry Wood, where Cromwell and his army camped before the battle, is still relatively unspoilt.  Within the city are several buildings and monuments associated with the battle.  Charles II got the best view of the battlefield from the top of the tower of Worcester Cathedral, there is a museum in the Commandery (used as a Royalist HQ and scene of some of the fighting nearby) and the adjacent Fort Royal Park was a Royalist earthwork, stormed by Parliament.  Powick Bridge just outside the city is accessible and Powick Church still bears the scars of battle.

Address and post code is for the tourist information centre. See separate listings for the Cathedral, Powick Bridge, the Commandery and Fort Royal.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
The Guildhall
High Street
Worcester
County
Worcestershire
Post Code
WR1 2EY
Main Historic Period
Stuart
Tip/Nearby
Cathedral, Powick Bridge, the Commandery and Fort Royal
Primary Management
Various
BOSWORTH BATTLEFIELD

Site of the decisive battle on 22nd August 1485 where King Richard III was killed and the victor, Henry Tudor, started a new dynasty as Henry VII. There is a heritage centre with an exhibition/museum, shop and café. It is possible to walk round the battlefield on a well-signposted trail. Events are held including an annual re-enactment of the battle.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
Bosworth Battlefield Heritage Centre
Sutton Cheney
County
Leicestershire
Post Code
CV13 0AD
Main Historic Period
Medieval
Link to featured article
Primary Management
Local Authority
CULLODEN

The Battle of Culloden on 16th April 1746 was the last pitched battle on British soil and brought the Jacobite Rebellion of 1745 to a bloody end. Charles Edward Stuart, Bonnie Prince Charlie, had taken his largely Highland Army as far as Derby, before retreating north to Inverness, pursued by Government forces under the Duke of Cumberland. On the morning of the battle, many of the Prince's troops were exhausted after an aborted attack on the Government army camped at Nairn. The ground chosen for the battle was partly marsh, wholly unsuited to the favoured tactic of the Highland charge. Moreover, on this occasion the Jacobites were no match for the well-trained, disciplined, Government troops. They were also slightly outnumbered. The battle lasted less than an hour and was a decisive victory for the Government. Afterwards, Cumberland ordered his troops to ruthlessly pursue and search out any surviving rebels and a shameful bloodbath ensued.

The National Trust for Scotland runs an impressive visitor centre at Culloden, where there is a detailed explanation for the Jacobite Rebellion, an impressive audio-visual experience and various talks and tours. It is possible to explore much of the battlefield, which the NTS is in the process of returning it to its appearance in 1746, taking in the opposing lines and the sad burial markers.

Region/Nation
Location/Address
Culloden Moor
Nr Inverness
County
Highland
Post Code
IV2 5EU
Main Historic Period
Georgian
Link to featured article
Tip/Nearby
Clava Cairns, Fort George
Primary Management
National Trust for Scotland

If your favourite attraction is not listed yet, and you have a good quality digital photograph of it that you are able to freely send, please get in touch

Scroll to Top