Tudor timeline

King Henry VIIIHere is a timeline for Tudor Britain, from Henry VII’s victory at Bosworth in 1485, to the death of his granddaughter, Elizabeth I, in 1603.

1485 Henry Tudor becomes King Henry VII of England after his victory at the Battle of Bosworth
1487 Lambert Simnel challenges for the throne.
1495 University of Aberdeen founded.
1497 John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) discovers Newfoundland.
1503 James IV of Scotland marries Margaret, daughter of Henry VII of England.
1509 Henry VIII marries Katherine of Aragon and becomes King of England.
1512 England at war with France and Scotland.
1513 Scotland invades England and is defeated at the Battle of Flodden.  James IV of Scotland is amongst those killed.
1522-25 England at war with France.
1528 England at war with Spain.
1529 Henry VIII seizes Hampton Court from Cardinal Wolsey.
1530 Death of Cardinal Wolsey.
1533 Cranmer annuls Henry VIII’s marriage with Katherine of Aragon and Henry marries Anne Boleyn.
1534 The Act of Supremacy – Henry becomes Head of the Church of England – the official start of the English Reformation.
1535 Sir Thomas More executed.
1536 Anne Boleyn executed. Henry VIII marries Jane Seymour. The Pilgrimage of Grace. Act of Union between England and Wales.
1537 Jane Seymour dies.
1540 Henry VIII marries and divorces Anne of Cleves. Thomas Cromwell, architect of the Reformation, is executed. Henry marries Kathryn Howard.
1541 Henry VIII makes himself King of Ireland.
1542 English defeat invading Scottish army at Solway Moss. Kathryn Howard is executed.
1543-51 The rough wooing – Henry’s violent and failed attempt to force an alliance with Scotland by marrying his son Edward to the future Mary, Queen of Scots.
1543 England at war with France. Henry VIII marries for the last time – Katherine Parr survives him.
1547 Henry VIII dies. Edward VI becomes King of England. The new king is determined to reform the English church and make it more Protestant.
1549 First Act of Uniformity and Book of Common Prayer.
1553 Edward dies. Lady Jane Grey was uncrowned ‘Queen’ for 9 days before Mary I came to the throne. Mary is determined to return England to Roman Catholicism and stamp out Protestantism.
1554 Mary marries the King of Spain, Philip II. The Wyatt Rebellion – Lady Jane Grey is executed.
1555 Latimer and Ridley are burned at the stake.
1556 Cranmer is burned at the stake.
1557 War with France.
1558 Calais is taken by the French. Mary dies. Elizabeth I becomes Queen of England.
1559 Enthusiastic Protestant John Knox returns to Scotland from exile. In England, the Book of Common Prayer once again becomes the only legal form of worship; the Catholic mass is henceforth illegal.
1562 Captain John Hawkins sells African slaves in the Caribbean.
1566 Murder of Rizzio in Holyrood, Edinburgh.
1567 Mary, Queen of Scots is imprisoned.
1568 Mary, Queen of Scots, defeated at the Battle of Langside, escapes to England.
1569 Rebellion in the north of England, in Mary’s favour.
1570 The Pope declares Elizabeth a heretic and excommunicates her – thus turning every Catholic into a potential traitor.
1572 Francis Drake raids the Spanish Main.
1576 Sir Martin Frobisher searches for the North West Passage.
1579-83 Rebellion in Ireland.
1580 Francis Drake returns to England on the Golden Hind having circumnavigated the world – the first Englisman to do so.
1583 Edinburgh University founded.
1584 Colonisation of Virginia. Queen Elizabeth grants Walter Raleigh a charter authorising exploration and colonisation of remote, heathen and barbarous lands.
1586 Walter Raleigh introduces tobacco, maize and potatoes to Britain from the New World (it is possible that tobacco, at least, was known in this country before then).
1587 Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots.
1588 Defeat of the Spanish Armada.
c1590 First performance of Shakespeare’s plays – possibly Henry VI, Parts I, 2 and 3.
1600 British East India Company receives its charter.
1601 Earl of Essex rebellion.
1603 Elizabeth dies. The English throne is offered to James VI of Scotland, who becomes James I of England and the first King of Great Britain.

Spanish Armada, invasion attempt