The story of Eleanor Rigby

Ah, look at all the lonely people.

Eleanor Rigby, statue by Tommy Steele , LiverpoolA bronze statue of a woman sits alone on a stone bench in Liverpool’s Stanley Street.  She appears to be middle-aged, tired, worn down by life.  Her small handbag sits carelessly in her lap and she seems to be gazing down wistfully to her left at a sparrow that’s perched on a rumpled newspaper.  Her left hand rests on her knee; she looks cold but, even so, perhaps she has nodded off while she was reading.  A partially empty shopping bag lies on the bench to her right.  As you get closer, you notice that the woman only has the merest hint of a face.

Eleanor Rigby, bronze statue by Tommy Steele, in Stanley Street, Liverpool.This is Eleanor Rigby, the statue, a slightly spooky and bleak image that fits a slightly bleak song by the Beatles, and its slightly spooky mythology.  The statue (which, in case anyone’s interested, I think is brilliant) is the work of entertainer Tommy Steele.  It was his own tribute to the Beatles and was unveiled by him in December 1982.  The plaque had been stolen by someone else before I got there, but dedicates the sculpture to “All the lonely people”.

Eleanor Rigby, no faceStanley Street is a somewhat seedy thoroughfare, though handy for the Beatles’ trail, because it’s just round the corner from the Cavern.  Hessy’s Music Shop, frequented for decades by a string of Liverpool’s key (see what I did there?) musicians, and where John Lennon’s Aunt Mimi is reputed to have bought him a guitar, once stood on Stanley Street.  Across the road from Eleanor Rigby, the statue, I spotted Eleanor Rigby, the hotel.  Bachelor parties were being advertised, and pole dancing.  Poles are much sought after for dancing, I understand – along with Lapps, of course.  I suspect the hotel would probably not be to Eleanor’s taste; sorry, I don’t know if it’s still trading…

The Eleanor Rigby Hotel, LiverpoolThe Beatles released Eleanor Rigby as a single with the relatively awful Yellow Submarine in August 1966.  It stayed in the UK charts for 13 weeks, four of those at No 1.  The album Revolver came out at the same time as the single and featured Eleanor Rigby as the second track; Paul’s velvety vocal and the backing of see-sawing strings leaps in without warning after George’s staccato studio-coughing Taxman.  Eleanor Rigby is a haunting, sad, song, a little over 2 minutes in length.  Like so many Beatles’ numbers, its origin, conception and subsequent development is the stuff of pop legend.

Revolver, released in 1966. Album artwork by Klaus Voormann. Eleanor Rigby is the 2nd track.Paul McCartney first came up with the tune that became Eleanor Rigby in the little basement music room at girlfriend Jane Asher’s parents’ house, 57 Wimpole Street, London.  The singer Donovan recalls Paul turning up with it at his flat where he sang, “Ola Na Tungee Blowing his mind in the dark/With a pipe full of clay/No one can say” – though some stories have the song starting life as “Daisy Hawkins” – which does not scan so well, if at all.  Apparently, the song was finished at John Lennon’s Kenwood mansion, with input from the other three Beatles and Pete Shotton, John’s childhood friend.  The ratio of input varies according to which account you read; I’ve always thought it was largely Paul’s composition, with John contributing the ‘Ah, look at all the lonely people’ line – which kind of sounds right.  The ‘Father McKenzie’ referred to in the song, though, started out as ‘Father McCartney’.

Still with me?

So who was Eleanor Rigby, this somewhat forlorn spinster who lived in a dream and was buried along with her name?  Was she just a figment of imagination?  According to Paul, the name was partly inspired by Eleanor Bron, actress and friend, who worked with the Beatles on the movie Help!.  The ‘Rigby’ was spotted on a shop front in Bristol, where Paul was visiting Jane Asher whilst she was appearing in theatre there.  Yet, by spooky coincidence, in St Peter’s churchyard, Woolton, Liverpool, close to where Lennon and McCartney first met, is a memorial to Eleanor Rigby, who died on 10th October 1939.  Could Paul – or even John – have subconsciously taken in the name?  John, in particular, knew this churchyard well.  Continuing the coincidence, a few gravestones away is a memorial to Martha and John McKenzie – is that also where Father McKenzie came in, or was he just a convenient name from the ‘phone book?  Incidentally, Paul had a dog called Martha – he wrote a song about her too.

Eleanor Rigby, gravestone, St Peter's churchyard, Woolton.In 2008, the Daily Mail carried an intriguing article which documented the real Eleanor Rigby’s life and family.  Curiously, she was born and spent most of her life in a house in Vale Road, Woolton, which backs onto Menlove Avenue – where John Lennon grew up.

Weirdly, when we visited Woolton, a family was gathered at the Rigby grave and I’m sure I heard the woman telling her little girl that Eleanor was an old relative.

Eleanor Rigby, Father McKenzie, gravestones, WooltonIf you do the Beatles trail, you will want to include Eleanor Rigby.  Next week, we might talk about JFK, Princess Di, alien abduction and crop circles.  Meanwhile, I’ll leave you with a link to a YouTube clip of Paul McCartney performing Eleanor Rigby at the White House (the one in Washington DC) – the Beatles never performed the number live and the only instruments on the original were strings, played by session musicians.

45 thoughts on “The story of Eleanor Rigby

  1. Frank F

    Have seen the statue up close – it’s interesting and quite striking, but .. what happened to the feet..? They’re so all wrong!!

  2. Jenny Woolf

    It all sounds rather surreal.And strangely seedy and undeveloped, considering the Beatles Trail is so famous. I like your description because it sounded like the Liverpool that I always imagined the Beatles knew. Pubs and strippers and home made looking statues (you can see I don’t share your opinion of Tommy’s talent) and generally mad and fascinating.

  3. hilarymb

    Hi Mike – fascinating history about the song … and as you say so many interesting additions or alterations to the song – they were clever writers … cheers HIlary

  4. 1066jq

    Really enjoyed this post, had my husband read it too, he’s an even bigger Beatles fan than I am. I believe they saw those tombstones and the names stuck, subconsciously

  5. Blue Sky Scotland

    Cracking sculpture by TS. Multi talented. I like melancholy songs if they are really good. Yesterday is another classic.

  6. derrickjknight

    I am very impressed with this post. I hadn’t known about Tommy Steele’s work which I, too, really like – especially as it illustrates one of my favourite Beatles’ songs.
    I also enjoy this take on your series.
    Loved the Poles/Lapps joke.

  7. Osyth

    That was so interesting. From Tommy’s lovely statue to the differing versions of the story of the song. I have always loved it and often wondered what the inspiration was. My husband is scouse and our youngest daughter has stayed on in the city after completing her Fine Art degree this year. Next time I visit I will be checking out Eleanor on the Beatles trail. Thank you

  8. fun60

    Always a lover of the Beatles. Saw the sculture when I was in Liverpool and was impressed that Tommy Steele was the sculptor although I had forgotten that until I read your post. I’m sure many people can relate to this song. After all, you don’t have to be alone to feel lonely.

  9. Kay Guest

    All the lonely people…
    I love songwriters. They absorb so much around them and then incorporate it into their music without realizing it. Paul also said that “Let It Be” had nothing to do with the Virgin Mary yet these are the words that she said when the angel appeared to her and told her that she would be bringing the son of God into the world. Paul most likely didn’t want to get into any kind of religion debate with anyone!
    Thanks for showing us the gravestones that you mention!

  10. CranberryMorning

    Quite an interesting ‘coincidence’ about the gravestones. I like the song that will now play in my head the rest of the afternoon. Something for Americans to contemplate as we approach Thanksgiving Day. In some ways, the many lonely people remain hidden from view and seldom attract our attention. Very sad. Good post, Mike.

  11. Pamela

    Hello. You know, I always wondered. I really am her, in many ways. But I would cherish that sparrow, and I adore my cat friends (one in my lap right now)…not much money but abundant riches… I’ve always wondered. Very interesting. Maybe Eleanor was not quite so lonely after all…

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