Roman Britain timeline

Roman Britain timeline, Roman mosaic, St Albans, OceanusHere is a timeline for Roman Britain, from the invasion of 43AD to the end of imperial rule in the early 5th century.

WHEN WHAT
43AD Full-scale Roman conquest of Britain begins. Troops land near present-day Richborough (Rutupiae), Kent.
51AD British resistance leader Caratacus is captured.
61AD Boudicca, Queen of the Iceni (a tribe located in present-day Norfolk), is defeated after leading a rebellion in which the Roman towns of Colchester (Camulodunum), St Albans (Verulamium) and London (Londinium) were burned to the ground.
71AD The Romans campaign in the north of what is now England, reaching the area around Carlisle (Luguvalium) in 74AD
78AD The Romans conquer present-day Wales and destroy the sacred Druid sites on Mona (Anglesey).
84AD The Caledonian tribes are defeated at the Battle of Mons Graupius. The Roman armies have got as far as modern-day Aberdeenshire, Scotland – the farthest extent of their conquest – though Scotland was never settled like England and Wales.
122AD Construction of Hadrian’s Wall begins.
142AD Construction of the Antonine Wall begins.
163AD The Antonine Wall is abandoned.
c200-300AD Christianity arrives in Britain.
211AD Britain is divided into two provinces, Britannia Superior (Upper Britain) with its capital in London and Britannia Inferior (Lower Britain) with its capital in York (Eboracum).
c260AD The Romans start to build coastal defences to discourage attacks from Germanic raiders. The defences come to be known as ‘the Saxon Shore’, a military command stretching from Norfolk to Hampshire in modern Britain.
306AD Constantine is declared Emperor by the army in Britain.
367AD Near simultaneous raids on Britain by Picts from Scotland, Scots from Ireland and Franks and Anglo-Saxons from Germany. Coastal defences are overwhelmed.
370sAD An Asiatic tribe, the Huns, appear in Western Europe. Germanic tribes, such as the Visigoths, begin to threaten the Empire.
397AD St Ninian, Scotland’s first Christian missionary, lands in Strathclyde.
400AD Troops are withdrawn from Britain to help defend Italy against the Goths. By this time, independent kingdoms had been established in Strathclyde, Gododdin and Galloway, immediately north of Hadrian’s Wall.
410AD Attacks on Britain continue. British leaders make a vain appeal for help from the Emperor Honorius in Rome. It was in this year that Rome fell to the Goths.
410-449AD It is generally accepted that Roman rule in Britain gradually fades away at around this time – though a Roman way of life continues.