Prehistoric Britain timeline

Timeline for prehistoric Britain, Swinside, stone circle, CumbriaHere is a timeline for Britain before the Romans, from the earliest human presence and the arrival of Homo Sapiens.

c950,000BC Earliest human presence in Britain.
c23,000BC Arrival of Homo Sapiens – our ancestors.
c12-10,000BC Permanent human settlement begins.
c8,000-6,000BC Last Ice Age ends in Europe.
c6,000BC Last land bridge disappears, separating Britain from the rest of Europe.
c4,000-2,500BC The Neolithic period – the first farmers, possibly arrivals from the east – ‘the Beaker People’. Early enclosures and burial chambers. Later Neolithic period sees the construction of henges and stone circles.
c3,000BC Stonehenge begun.
c2,500-750BC The Bronze Age – round barrows (burial chambers), villages and the first hill forts are built.
c1,200BC Construction of roundhouses.
c750BC The Iron Age. The arrival of the Celts, probably in waves.  Hill forts are a typical feature of settlement.
c500BC Construction of brochs in Scotland.
c300BC Somerset lake villages.
c100BC Coins are in use.
55BC Immediately before the Roman invasion, Britain is peopled by a number of different tribes. These include the Durotriges in modern Dorset/Wiltshire, the Atrebates in parts of Sussex, Hampshire and Berkshire, the Iceni in Norfolk and Suffolk, the Brigantes in Yorkshire, Durham and Lancashire, the Votadini in south east Scotland, the Caledones in the Highlands and the Picts in north east Scotland.
55 and 54BC Julius Caesar invades southern Britain.  He exacts tributes from the defeated tribes but does not stay.
43AD Full-scale Roman conquest of Britain begins.