Yorkshire and the Humber
The remains of Isurium Brigantum, a significant Roman town between the 2nd and 5th centuries AD, lie largely under the charming village of Aldborough ('old borough'). Little of the Roman town is visible - small sections of town wall and a couple of good mosaics. There's a small museum, and it's a pleasant stroll round the site, but people expecting to see a great deal might be disappointed.
The Battle of Marston Moor was fought on 2nd July 1644 and was one of the major battles of the English Civil War. It engaged an estimated 18,000 Royalists and 28,000 combined Parliamentarians and Scots, lasted approximately 2 hours and resulted in a decisive defeat for King Charles. Some 4,000 Royalists were killed and a further 1,500 captured. One of the consequences was that the Royalists lost control of the North of England. This was the battle that helped make Oliver Cromwell's name as one of the commanders. The battlefield is situated on mainly agricultural land between the villages of Long Marston and Tockwith. A road runs across the area of the fighting, as it did in the 17th century and there is an obelisk memorial with an information panel.
Post code is approximate.
A significant battle fought here on 25th September 1066, between King Harold's Saxon-English army and an invading force of Norsemen under Harald Hardrada and Tostig Godwinson. The English victory was emphatic, but Harold then had to march south to meet the invading Normans at Hastings. There is not much to see in the village, thought there is a memorial in the centre.
NB - this is nowhere near Bolton, Lancashire!
Bolton Castle is a 14th century fortress built on a grand scale by Sir Richard le Scrope - whose descendents still own the place. Mary, Queen of Scots, was held here for 6 months and was allowed to use the time hunting and learning English. It was besieged, and badly damaged, by Parliamentary forces during the English Civil War, but is still remarkably intact and well worth a visit. Great views of the Yorkshire Dales from the battlements. Pleasant medieval gardens. The adjacent chapel of St Oswald and the village of Castle Bolton are both charming.
Warning: Bolton Castle is used as a wedding venue - check it is open to visitors before making a special trip.
Weird and wonderful rock formations formed by erosion millions of years ago. Very popular with walkers, climbers and families, so can get crowded. Good place for a picnic and there are also facilities on site. Walk or cycle there, or pay and NT parking nearby.
The Brontë family moved to Haworth in 1820, when Patrick Brontë was appointed ‘perpetual curate’ of the parish church. They lived in the Parsonage, where the three immensely talented sisters wrote some of the finest literature in the English language. Though it will overwhelm those who do not actually worship the Brontës, the Parsonage Museum is fascinating. And the town of Haworth is always worth a visit anyway. Don't miss the Gothic splendour of the churchyard!
A memorial erected in 1898 to England's first known poet, the Anglo-Saxon Caedmon. He has a nice story. The memorial is in the churchyard of St Mary's church, at the top of the steps leading up from the town.
The photo is of Whitby Harbour. See the featured article for more details.
Captain James Cook (1728-1779) was apprenticed to John Walker in Whitby for about 10 years and, when ashore, tradition has it that he lodged in the house which is now this museum. As well as telling the story of Cook's remarkable career as a Royal Naval officer, explorer and surveyor, charting New Zealand, parts of Australia and several Pacific islands, the museum holds many original letters, maps and artwork in its collection. Cook's boats were built in Whitby - the museum has models on display. Cook was killed in Hawaii by native Hawaiians.
Castle Howard is an 18th century Baroque stately home in North Yorkshire, one of the grandest and most over the top in England, with 145 rooms and set in 1,000 acres of gardens and parkland. It is owned by the Howard family, and has been for over 300 years. The house was started for the 3rd Earl of Carlisle in c1699, designed by John Vanbrugh (his first commission) and Nicholas Hawksmoor, and took about 100 years to complete. It is built on the site of a ruined medieval castle and the original estate covered 13,000 acres - which included several villages. In addition to being able to tour the house and gardens, visitors can enjoy various exhibitions, and activities take place frequently.
Castle Howard was famously used for the 1980s TV series and 2008 film, Brideshead Revisited.
Clifford's Tower, maybe so named because Roger de Clifford was once hung in chains from its walls, is the keep and a significant remaining medieval portion of York's once mighty fortress. Its shape is unique in England. In 1190, the site of the keep was the scene of the mass suicide of York's persecuted Jews. There are fine views of the City from its walls.