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Britain, places to visit, attractions, heritageThis is the place to search for places and things of interest to visit in Britain, by name, location, type, keyword – or just have a browse.  It is a growing directory – 700+ entries as of October 2019.  Most entries have links for further information.

Scotland

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EDINBURGH FESTIVAL FRINGE

Edinburgh Festival Fringe is one of several festivals held in the City, and the largest. It is an open access event that takes place every August alongside the Edinburgh International Festival and includes comedy, theatre, cabaret, children's shows, circus - pretty much anything - and ANYONE can take part. Edinburgh Festival Fringe began in 1947 when eight groups arrived in Edinburgh hoping to perform at the newly formed Edinburgh International Festival but were refused entry. They went ahead and performed on the fringe of the Festival anyway. The Edinburgh Festival Fringe is now the largest arts festival in the world.

Beyond the Fringe (as it were), Edinburgh is immensly buzzy during this festival, with street performers on almost every corner.

Region:
Location/Address: 180 High Street
Edinburgh
County: Lothian
Post Code: EH1 1QS
Main Historic Period: N/A
Useful Website Address: Website of Edinburgh Festival Fringe
Tip/Nearby: Also see Edinburgh International Festival and the Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo
Primary Management: Other
ADAM SMITH, statue

Bronze sculpture, by Alexander Stoddart, of the Scottish economist and philosopher Adam Smith (1723-1790), who is probably best known as the author of 'Wealth of Nations'. The statue was unveiled in 2008.

The post code is for St Giles' Cathedral.

Region:
Location/Address: Outside St Giles' Cathedral
The Royal Mile
Edinburgh
County: Lothian
Post Code: EH1 1RE
Main Historic Period: Modern
Tip/Nearby: St Giles' Cathedral
Primary Management: Local Authority
St GILES’ CATHEDRAL

St Giles' Cathedral is the City Church or High Kirk of Edinburgh and the mother church of Presbyterianism. It was founded c1124, though little, if anything, of that building remains visible. Probably its most recognisable feature is its crown spire, a landmark on the Royal Mile between the Palace of Holyrood and Edinburgh Castle. Particular features include:

the Chapel of the Order of the Thistle - Scotland's chivalric company of knights, appointed by the Monarch;
a 6 foot tall statue of John Knox, leading Protestant reformer and probably St Giles' most famous minister (who was also buried in the churchyard);
a Copy of the National Covenant;
beautiful stained glass windows;
and at least 66 green men...bet you can't spot them all.

Region:
Location/Address: High Street
Edinburgh
County: Lothian
Post Code: EH1 1RE
Main Historic Period: Medieval
Useful Website Address: Website of St Giles' Cathedral
Tip/Nearby: Holyrood Palace, Edinburgh Castle, National Museum of Scotland
Primary Management: Church authorities
EDINBURGH INTERNATIONAL FESTIVAL

The Edinburgh International Festival is one of several festivals that take place in the City. Beginning in 1947, it aims to offer the best in the performing arts - theatre, music, opera, dance, film etc - from around the world, as well as talks and workshops.

Region:
Location/Address: The Hub
348-350 Castlehill
Edinburgh
County: Lothian
Post Code: EH1 2NE
Main Historic Period: N/A
Tip/Nearby: Also see Edinburgh Festival Fringe and Royal Military Tattoo
Primary Management: Other
EDINBURGH CASTLE

Perched on castle rock above the old town, Edinburgh Castle is one of Scotland's iconic images and a must-see if you're visiting the city. Your problem will be time - the place is huge and there is a lot to see and take in. The castle was at the centre of the wars with the English and, as well as being a fortress has been a prison, Royal Palace and garrison. It was the birthplace of James VI who, as James I of England, became the first monarch of both countries in 1603.

Castle Rock was used in the Iron Age, but there is no evidence of a stronghold until the 7th century. The oldest building there now (and in Edinburgh) is the 12th century chapel dedicated to St Margaret, built by her son, David I, in his mother's memory. The Castle also includes several museums - for example the National War Museum and various regimental museums. Not to be missed - the Honours (Crown Jewels) of Scotland.

Region:
Location/Address: Castle Hill
Edinburgh
County: Lothian
Post Code: EH1 2NG
Main Historic Period: Victorian
Link to featured article: Formidable Edinburgh Castle
Tip/Nearby: St Giles' Cathedral, Palace of Holyrood
Primary Management: Historic Scotland
GREYFRIARS BOBBY

Small Victorian statue to the legendary dog that would not leave its master's grave.

Region:
Location/Address: Junction of Candlemakers Row and King George IV Bridge
Edinburgh
County: Lothian
Post Code: EH1 2QE
Main Historic Period: Victorian
Link to featured article: The spine-tingling tale of Greyfriars Bobby
Tip/Nearby: Opposite the National Museum of Scotland
Primary Management: Local Authority
ROSSLYN CASTLE

Ruined castle built by the Barons of Rosslyn between the 13th and 17th centuries, just a short distance from the famous Rosslyn Chapel and allegedly haunted. The Castle was besieged at least twice and ultimately destroyed by one of Cromwell's armies in 1650. It is not open to the public as a visitor attraction, but it is available to rent as a holiday home. Click on the Landmark Trust's website link below.

NB The castle can be viewed externally whilst visiting Rosslyn Chapel or via Roslin Glen.

Region:
Location/Address: B7003
Lasswade
County: Midlothian
Post Code: EH18 1EJ
Main Historic Period: Medieval
Link to featured article: Stay at Rosslyn Chapel
Tip/Nearby: Rosslyn Chapel, memorial to the Battle of Roslin
Primary Management: Landmark Trust
BATTLE of ROSLIN

Memorial to the Battle of Roslin, erected in 1994. The battle was fought on 24th February 1303 between the Scots and English during the Wars of Scottish Independence. It was a Scottish victory, but it does not figure in many history books and few people have even heard of it. Some accounts of the battle suggest that a divided force of 30,000 English troops was picked off in 3 separate engagements by a rapidly assembled Scottish army of 8,000 fighting on terrain they knew. However, evidence is lacking and the above story may be a myth; the battle could have been a skirmish, or series of skirmishes.

Region:
Location/Address: Nr Dryden Cottages
Roslin
County: Midlothian
Post Code: EH25 9PP
Main Historic Period: Medieval
Link to featured article: Stay at Rosslyn Castle
Tip/Nearby: Rosslyn Chapel and Castle
Primary Management: Unknown
ROSSLYN CHAPEL

Rosslyn Chapel was founded by Sir William St Clair in 1446 and is still owned by the Sinclair family. It is famously ornate, packed full of wonderful carvings; yet it is a fraction of the enormous church that Sir William proposed to construct but never finished. Rosslyn is a magnet for mystics, conspiracy theorists, fans of Dan Brown's 'Da Vinci Code' and, of course, lovers of history and beautiful buildings.

Region:
Location/Address: Chapel Loan
Roslin
County: Midlothian
Post Code: EH25 9PU
Main Historic Period: Medieval
Link to featured article: Rosslyn Chapel
Useful Website Address: Rosslyn Chapel website
Tip/Nearby: Rosslyn Castle (not open to the public - though you can stay in it) is next door and there are walks in the glen.
Primary Management: Private - open to the public
TANTALLON CASTLE

Impressive ruins of the fortress of the Red Douglases, built in the 14th century. Besieged by James IV and V, it ultimately fell to Oliver Cromwell's forces under General Monck in 1651, and was destroyed. It is an unusual castle; situated on a headland, it has a single curtain wall blocking off the entire site, with defence on the remaining three sides relying on the sheer cliffs and the surrounding sea. Tantallon offers great views of the Bass Rock - and a grim pit prison. Ugh!

Region:
Location/Address: North Berwick
County: East Lothian
Post Code: EH39 5PM
Main Historic Period: Medieval
Tip/Nearby: Hailes Castle, Dirleton Castle
Primary Management: Historic Scotland
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