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Roman

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ALDBOROUGH Roman Town

The remains of Isurium Brigantum, a significant Roman town between the 2nd and 5th centuries AD, lie largely under the charming village of Aldborough ('old borough'). Little of the Roman town is visible - small sections of town wall and a couple of good mosaics. There's a small museum, and it's a pleasant stroll round the site, but people expecting to see a great deal might be disappointed.

Aldborough
Boroughbridge
North Yorkshire
YO51 9ES
Roman
St Andrew's parish church and the adjacent town of Boroughbridge.
English Heritage
ARBEIA Roman fort and museum

Arbeia Roman Fort stood guard on the south bank of the Tyne, guarding the sea route to Hadrian's Wall. The fort is situated in what is now a residential area, with a primary school opposite. It was originally built in the 2nd century AD and, with variations and rebuilding (the fort was destroyed in the late 3rd/early 4th century, for example), was occupied until the Anglo-Saxon period. There is a good museum, reconstructed gateway and living quarters (which are a bit tatty) and the excavated outline of the fort.

Baring Street
South Shields
Tyne and Wear
NE33 2BB
Roman
Arbeia's website
Wallsend is just across the river
Local Authority
BROCOLITIA, Temple of Mithras

The remains of a Temple of Mithras, the Persian god of light and truth, stands near what is left of the Roman fort of Brocolitia, or Carrawburgh, on the route of Hadrian's Wall. It was built in the 3rd century and subsequently desecrated, probably by Christians. There was once another temple nearby, dedicated to Coventina, a local water goddess, and a nymphaeum – a monument dedicated to nymphs - but nothing is to be seen of these now.

Humshaugh
Hexham
Northumberland
NE46 4DB
Roman
Brocolitia Mithraeum
Park in the Northumberland National Park car park (fee payable) on the south side of the B6318 about 3.75 miles west of Chollerford.
English Heritage
BROUGHAM CASTLE

Situated in a beautiful, but defensive, spot on the south bank of the river Eamont, next to the long-abandoned Roman fort of Brocavum.  Brougham Castle saw action in the wars between England and Scotland, and was captured by the Scots. But kings stayed here and it was one of the formidable Lady Anne Clifford's favourite castles - she died here in 1676. The ruins are fascinating - impressive and unusual gatehouse - plenty to explore and in spring the stonework is covered in aubrietia.  A tiny museum displays a couple of Roman grave markers - and at least one was re-used when building the castle.

Moor Lane
Brougham
Nr Penrith
Cumbria
CA10 2AA
Medieval
Two thousand years at Brougham Castle
Brougham Hall is very close and Acorn Bank is just up the road.
English Heritage
FISHBOURNE ROMAN PALACE

The excavation of Fishbourne Roman Palace by Barry Cunliffe in the 1960s caused a sensation. It is the largest Roman residence north of the Alps, with the largest collection of in situ mosaics in the UK and the earliest garden discovered so far anywhere in the country. The palace dates from the 1st century AD and underwent various alterations in its time until it burnt down in c270AD. The first occupant was possibly Togidubnus, a local British pro-Roman tribal chieftain.

Managed by the Sussex Archaeological Society.

Roman Way
Fishbourne
West Sussex
PO19 3QR
Roman
Chichester, Weald and Downland Museum
Other
HARDKNOTT Roman Fort

Hardknott Roman Fort was built in the 2nd century AD, probably by men of the 4th Cohort of Dalmatia, to protect the trade route across the fells to the vital port of Ravenglass. The ruins, which consist of well-marked layouts of most of the principal buildings and bath house, are in a truly dramatic spot. Access is not for the faint-hearted, whether by foot or road. If the latter, the drive through Wrynose Pass onto Hardknott is one of the best in the Lake District; also accessible from the Duddon Valley or Eskdale. The views can be fabulous.

The post code is a guide only.  You will need a map and are also advised to check the weather. If driving, ensure your car has plenty of fuel and a good clutch. The roads are very steep and single-track with passing places. Take refreshments with you and a waterproof coat, even if in a car. Allow sufficient time - especially if planning a circular route. There is very limited parking by the fort and there are no facilities whatsoever.

Hardknott Pass
Eskdale
Cumbria
CA19 1TH
Roman
See advice above.
English Heritage
LONDON’S ROMAN AMPHITHEATRE

Discovered during excavation work for the new Guildhall Art Gallery, the remains of the Roman Amphitheatre date from the 2nd century AD. It had a capacity for an audience of 7,000 watching animal fights, executions and gladiatorial contests. The ruins of the eastern entrance, including sections of wooden drains, are displayed in an innovative way, underneath the art gallery - which is where you need to enter to see the amphitheatre.

off Gresham Street
London
EC2V 5AE
Roman
Art and the amphitheatre
City of London website page
Bank of England, Museum of London
Local Authority
PIERCEBRIDGE Roman Remains

Roman Dere Street once crossed the river Tees at the modern village of Piercebridge. The remains of the Romans' first bridge, a little downstream from the current one, can be seen; park in the car park of the George Inn and take a footpath at the far end.  Most of the Roman fort that stood here in the 3rd century is buried under the village, but a portion of the eastern edge and ditch can be seen.  Take a footpath on the northern end of the current bridge.

Piercebridge
Co Durham
DL2 3SW
Roman
Stanwick Iron Age fort is close by.
English Heritage
RAVENGLASS Roman Bath House

Though substantial in their day, not much remains of the Roman baths at Ravenglass, but the ruins are amongst the tallest Roman structures surviving in Britain. The bath house served a nearby fort which guarded the important Roman port.

Follow a tarmac track just outside Ravenglass.

Ravenglass
Cumbria
CA18 1SR
N/A
Ravenglass and Eskdale Railway
English Heritage
ROMAN THEATRE of VERULAMIUM

The Roman theatre at Verulamium is unique in Britain, because it's a theatre with a stage, rather than an amphitheatre. It was built in about 140AD, later redeveloped and by the 4th century it is estimated it could seat an audience of some 2,000. Close to the ruins are the foundations of shops and a temple. There is not a great deal to see, but it is opposite the Roman Museum - so park near the latter and combine the two.

Part of the Gorhambury Estate.

A4147 Road
St Albans
Hertfordshire
AL3 6AE
Roman
Official Gorhambury website
Verulamium Roman Museum is virtually opposite. Also St Albans Abbey nearby.
Private - open to the public