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Memorials

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ADAM SMITH, statue

Bronze sculpture, by Alexander Stoddart, of the Scottish economist and philosopher Adam Smith (1723-1790), who is probably best known as the author of 'Wealth of Nations'. The statue was unveiled in 2008.

The post code is for St Giles' Cathedral.

Outside St Giles' Cathedral
The Royal Mile
Edinburgh
Lothian
EH1 1RE
Modern
St Giles' Cathedral
Local Authority
ALFRED MEMORIAL, Athelney

Victorian memorial on the site of the abbey, said to have been founded by King Alfred in 878, on the site of his refuge from the Danes on the Isle of Athelney.

Field near Athelney Farm
Cuts Road
Athelney
Somerset
TA7 0SD
Victorian
Was England born in Athelney?
Burrow Mump is just down the road. Muchelney Abbey isn't far.
Unknown
ALLOWAY AULD KIRK

The ruined old church at Alloway dates from the 16th century, though the site could be much older. It is most famous now due to it being featured in Robert Burns' poem 'Tam o' Shanter' (1791), as the place where witches and warlocks gather. The churchyard is fascinating and includes the graves of Burns' father, William Burnes, and sister, Isabella Burns Begg. Combine with a visit to the Robert Burns' Museum, his birthplace, Burns Monument and Brig o' Doon.

40 Alloway
Ayrshire
KA7 4PQ
Tudor
Burns Museum website (NTS)
The Robert Burns' Museum, the cottage where he was born, the Burns Monument and Brig o' Doon are all within walking distance.
National Trust for Scotland
ANNE BRONTE’S GRAVE

Anne Bronte is the only one of the famous siblings not to be buried in the family vault at Haworth. She worked as a governess in Scarborough and journeyed the 70 miles from home when she was ill, hoping the sea air would help. She arrived on Saturday 25 May 1849, very ill, accompanied by her sister Charlotte and a friend, Ellen and died on the Monday. Charlotte commissioned the very worn headstone seen today, but returning 3 years afterwards found a number of errors on it. The errors, whatever they were, were seemingly corrected – but the inscription still has Anne’s age wrong. A modern plaque has been placed on the ground by the Bronte Society.

St Mary's Church dates from the 12th century and is interesting in its own right. Canons were based in the churchyard during the Civil War, from which Parliamentary troops exchanged fire with the Royalists in the castle.

158 Castle Rd
Scarborough
North Yorkshire
YO11 1HY
Victorian
Our Bronte Tour Begins In Haworth
Website of the Bronte Society
Scarborough Castle
Church authorities
BATTLE of BANNOCKBURN

The Battle of Bannockburn took place over the 23rd and 24th June 1314 between the Scots, under Robert the Bruce, and a significantly larger army under Edward II of England. The English were under siege by the Scots at Stirling Castle and Edward's army was intended to relieve the siege. Instead, Bruce inflicted a massive defeat. This ultimately led to the Declaration of Arbroath in 1320.

Much of the probable site of the battle is now built over. However, the National Trust for Scotland operates a visitor centre that offers a hi-tech battle experience (ticket only), a shop and a cafe. There is memorial to the battle on the site as well as a statue of Robert the Bruce. Note - there is no museum or exhibition.

Glasgow Road
Whins of Milton
Stirling
Stirlingshire
FK7 0LJ
Medieval
NTS' Battle of Bannockburn website
Stirling Castle, Wallace Monument
National Trust for Scotland
BATTLE OF BRITAIN MONUMENT

London's monument to the Battle of Britain is on Victoria Embankment, between Westminster Bridge and the RAF Memorial. It was unveiled by Prince Charles in 2005, cost £1.65 million and was funded entirely by public subscription. Among the donors was the Czech Republic. The monument is more than 80 feet (25 metres) long and was the brainchild of the late Bill Bond MBE, founder of the Battle of Britain Historical Society. It honours ‘the Few’, the RAF pilots who were outnumbered and who saved Britain from invasion in 1940. At its centre is a near life-size sculpture depicting airmen scrambling – running to their aircraft in order to intercept the enemy. Around the monument are the names of the Few – 2,936 airmen from fifteen nations who took part in the battle on the Allied side. Other panels show some of the other participants and contributors to the Battle of Britain and ultimate victory – including civilians.

Do not confuse this monument with the Battle of Britain Memorial in Kent. The post code is approximate.

Victoria Embankment
Westminster
London
SW1A 2JL
Modern
Battle of Britain Day
Houses of Parliament, New Scotland Yard, RAF Memorial, Cleopatra's Needle
Local Authority
BATTLE of ROSLIN

Memorial to the Battle of Roslin, erected in 1994. The battle was fought on 24th February 1303 between the Scots and English during the Wars of Scottish Independence. It was a Scottish victory, but it does not figure in many history books and few people have even heard of it. Some accounts of the battle suggest that a divided force of 30,000 English troops was picked off in 3 separate engagements by a rapidly assembled Scottish army of 8,000 fighting on terrain they knew. However, evidence is lacking and the above story may be a myth; the battle could have been a skirmish, or series of skirmishes.

Nr Dryden Cottages
Roslin
Midlothian
EH25 9PP
Medieval
Stay at Rosslyn Castle
Rosslyn Chapel and Castle
Unknown
BATTLE of STAMFORD BRIDGE

A significant battle fought here on 25th September 1066, between King Harold's Saxon-English army and an invading force of Norsemen under Harald Hardrada and Tostig Godwinson. The English victory was emphatic, but Harold then had to march south to meet the invading Normans at Hastings. There is not much to see in the village, thought there is a memorial in the centre.

Stamford Bridge
North Yorkshire
YO41 1QE
Viking
Stamford Bridge - the other battle in 1066
Local Authority
BILLY FURY statue

Memorial statue by Tom Murphy to Billy Fury, born Ronald Wycherley in 1940, died 1983, and one of the top pop stars of the early 1960s. The statue was unveiled in 2003 and is close to the Piermaster's House - address approximate.

Albert Parade
Albert Dock
Liverpool
Merseyside
L3 4BB
Modern
Website for the Billy Fury fan club
Tate Liverpool, Maritime Museum, Beatles Experience
Local Authority
BUNHILL FIELDS Burial Ground

Bunhill Fields is a former burial ground established in the 17th century (though with a longer history than that) and the last resting place for an estimated 123,000 bodies. It is particularly known for its nonconformist connections. Among those commemorated here are William Blake, Daniel Defoe, John Bunyan and Susannah Wesley (John Wesley's mum). The burial area is fenced in, and crowded; there is an open area, primarily used by office workers at lunch times.

38 City Road
London
EC1Y 2BG
Georgian
The bodies at Bunhill
City of London website page
John Wesley's House and Museum, Quaker Gardens
Local Authority