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Helmsley Archaeology Store holds the extensive archaeological collections and paper based archives from English Heritage guardianship sites from the North of England including the counties of Northumberland, County Durham, Cumbria, Lancashire, Yorkshire, North Lincolnshire, Cheshire. The range of collections spans English history from Prehistory to the modern day, from flint, architectural stonework to ceramics and small artefacts.
Tours available - booking essential: 01439 770442
The North Yorkshire Moors National Park offers 554 square miles of moorland and valleys, including old, stone-built, hamlets, charming towns (like Helmsley), ancient ruins and a dramatic coastline. This is classic hiking or touring country, but it is also home to (allegedly) the world's most popular heritage steam railway, the North Yorkshire Moors Railway, which runs between Pickering and the bustling seaside town of Whitby. The picture shows the tiny fishing port at Robin Hood's Bay.
Three huge, mysterious, stones, of no obvious purpose, thought to have been erected c2,000BC. It is thought they came from Plumpton Rocks, about 9 miles to the south and that there were originally at least 5 stones in total. The Devil is said to have thrown the 'arrows' - which have other names, including 'the Three Sisters'. One can be found behind fencing on the south side of Roecliffe Lane, the other two in a field opposite, close to Boroughbridge Marina.
A significant battle fought here on 25th September 1066, between King Harold's Saxon-English army and an invading force of Norsemen under Harald Hardrada and Tostig Godwinson. The English victory was emphatic, but Harold then had to march south to meet the invading Normans at Hastings. There is not much to see in the village, thought there is a memorial in the centre.
The Battle of Marston Moor was fought on 2nd July 1644 and was one of the major battles of the English Civil War. It engaged an estimated 18,000 Royalists and 28,000 combined Parliamentarians and Scots, lasted approximately 2 hours and resulted in a decisive defeat for King Charles. Some 4,000 Royalists were killed and a further 1,500 captured. One of the consequences was that the Royalists lost control of the North of England. This was the battle that helped make Oliver Cromwell's name as one of the commanders. The battlefield is situated on mainly agricultural land between the villages of Long Marston and Tockwith. A road runs across the area of the fighting, as it did in the 17th century and there is an obelisk memorial with an information panel.
Post code is approximate.
Goathland is an attractive village on the North Yorkshire Moors, which also has a station on the North York Moors Railway. It has a long history but is best known now as being the fictional Aidensfield in the TV series, 'Heartbeat'. There are several shops and places to stay, including the Goathland Hotel - which was the Aidensfield Arms in the series. Nearby is Mallyan Spout, a 70' waterfall, and Wade's Causeway, an old trackway (perhaps Roman). Goathland Station was Hogsmead Station in the 2001 film, 'Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone'.
A memorial erected in 1898 to England's first known poet, the Anglo-Saxon Caedmon. He has a nice story. The memorial is in the churchyard of St Mary's church, at the top of the steps leading up from the town.
The photo is of Whitby Harbour. See the featured article for more details.
St Mary's Whitby, reached at the top of the famous 199 Church Steps, is an extraordinary church with box pews, a triple-decker pulpit and packed with Whitby's history. It is actually older than the abbey ruins next door. It also has an intriguing, though sadly eroding, churchyard. Watch out for Caedmon's Cross.
Famous and fascinating deserted medieval village, in use for 5000 years and definitely occupied for at least 600 years before being abandoned in the 16th century. There is not much to see except the ruined church and the outlines of houses and streets, but it's an intriguing place and there are some good information boards.
Use a map. It is a walk of about 3/4 mile over an uneven path through farmland from a car park off the B1248 - can be muddy.
Free entry. Absolutely no facilties whatsoever.