Southwell is the Seat of the Bishop of Southwell and Nottingham. There has been a church on the site since the 7th century, believed to have been founded by Paulinus, the first Bishop of York, and is adjacent to the location of a Roman villa. The current building dates mainly from the 12th century, though its 'pepperpot' towers are 19th century replacements, and is a mixture of classic Norman and Gothic architecture. Next door is the largely ruined palace of the Archbishop of York.
Southwell Minster is a peach with a number of Not To Be Missed features, notably the Chapter House (famous for its carvings of foliage and Green Men), the North Porch, ornate 14th century Pulpitum, 11th century carved Tympanum, Bread Pews (with a section of Saxon floor underneath), Apple, Angel and East End windows and the memorials to airmen and the massacre at Katyn.