Levens Hall began life as a defensive 'Pele tower' built by the de Redman family in the 13th century. It is now a fascinating and charming, largely 16th/17th century, manor house with many intriguing and beautiful features and artefacts. There is a significant collection of items relating to Napoleon and Wellington, gifts by the Duke of Wellington to his favourite niece, Lady Mary Wellesley, who married Charles Bagot; the Bagot family still own and occupy the hall. The gardens at Levens are renowned for their topiary, established in the 17th century and said to be the oldest in the world. There is also a collection of traction engines. House and gardens are open to the public on specified days and sit within a 9,500 acre estate.